In 1945 alone, 151 million cinema admissions were recorded in Australia. It was one of the longest-running and most popular Australian TV programs. For important COVID-safety and visitor information please see Visit Us. In 1963, an American physicist, Julius Sumner Miller (1909–87), appeared in his own science-based ABC TV series called Why is it So? American ideals and cultural products, such as film and music, quickly dispersed throughout Australian society, with an accompanying move away from the traditional restricted ways of prewar life to a more liberated and expressive lifestyle. This quirky advertisement from 1968 extols the benefits of using Theraderm anti-dandruff shampoo. Film-going had become one of the most popular pastimes for Australian people during World War II, as motion pictures provided a form of escapism from the horrors of the real wartime world. Proby, Eden Kane. Meanwhile Labor had found new force under Edward Gough Whitlam. His governments continued to monitor the economy to useful effect. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In December 1949 he was elected prime minister. This Cinesound newsreel clip shows a bed-pushing marathon and fundraising event. It is the sixth largest nation in the world and the only continent that is governed as a single country. See more Politics timelines. By the early 1960s more than 500,000 records were being manufactured every month in Australia. Australia’s third commercial television network is formed by the new stations TEN-10, ATV-0, TVQ-0 and SAS-10 . 1950s to early 1960s: "First wave" of Australian rock. The failure of McMahon to become a convincing leader gave Labor its long-denied chance, and in December 1972 Whitlam became prime minister. An election in December gave a handsome victory to Fraser. We take a fond look back at the 1960s TV series that captured the country's imagination and showcased Australia to the world. Australia - Australia - The ascendance of Australian popular culture: The end of World War II marked the emergence of an increasingly distinctive Australian popular culture. The proliferation of vinyl records after World War II had a major impact on the experience of music in Australia and revolutionized the music industry. This clip was aimed at visitors to Starlight Drive-In, located in the suburb of Watson to the north of Canberra and operating from 1957 to 1993. Taylor had worked with The Commonwealth Film Unit on a number of films and his work was well regarded here and overseas. The ALP floundered under the erratic leadership (1951–60) of Herbert Vere Evatt; an anticommunist element, somewhat influenced by the Catholic Social Movement (see above), split away to form the Democratic Labor Party. Overall American technology has had a substantial impact on Australian pop culture from the 1960s all the way up until today, contributing inventions like telephones, televisions, microwaves, dishwashers and radios to our society. Australia in the 1960s The 1960s was one of the most tumultuous and divisive decades in world history – including in Australia. A man of great political competence, he also benefited much from the period’s prosperity. This commercial for the Nabisco-owned breakfast cereal Rice Krinkles features an 18-year-old Jacki Weaver. A US President visited these shores for the first time and an Australian prime minister disappeared. By the end of the war a significant change was underway, however, and from the 1950s onward Australian lifestyles felt the dramatic impact of the new more rebellious culture of the United States, which had emerged from the war in a powerful economic position. An excerpt from NASA's restored footage of the Apollo 11 Moonwalk on 20 July 1969. The 1970s in Australia is remembered as a decade of rapid social change. Australian-made films were in very short supply in the early 1950s. This concern was alleviated somewhat when the demand for an increase in Australian content led to the broadcasting of more Australian programs in the mid-1960s, particularly Australian dramatic series. This film features the wonderful camerawork of Ron Taylor. This clip from 1964 explores conflict in the water and cultural changes that … Have you ever sat back and thought about how far Australia has come as a country? An early summer morning on an almost empty Bondi Beach in Sydney. Many initiatives vitalized intellectual and cultural pursuits. This is a segment from the Parliamentary debate in 1965 concerning Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War. Specifically, the aspect of entertainment experienced major cultural changes. Following the success of his first single 'Sadie (The Cleaning Lady)', Johnny Farnham went on a national tour with other artists including Col Joye and Little Pattie. This TV commercial conjures up the 1960s par excellence, with a discotheque playing host to a young, groovy couple dancing under a glittering ball and eating Crunchie bars. The movements of protest against pertinent political issues, namely the Vietnam War, Indigenous affairs, and Women’s rights issues, came to a head. WARNING: this collection contains names, images or voices of deceased Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Australian popular culture in the 1960s had multiple features, many of which were influenced by the social changes and counter culture at the time. As the Cold War intensified Chifley’s policies seemed dangerously radical to conservative eyes. Prior to the war, Australian society had been largely influenced by conservative British culture, mirroring its entertainment, music, and sports as well as its social attitudes. Renowned as Australia’s biggest cult, The Family’s grim history dates back to the early 1960s, and is still believed to be active today. The 1960s (pronounced "nineteen-sixties", shortened to "the '60s" or "the Sixties") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1960, and ended on December 31, 1969. Radio announcer Ron Casey calls the closing minutes of the bantamweight world title fight between Lionel Rose of Australia and 'Fighting’ Harada of Japan on 26 February 1968. Kerr’s actions sparked excitement, and among Whitlam’s admirers, outrage. Popular Culture refers to the beliefs, attitudes and lifestyles shared by a group of people. To many, it appeared as if Whitlam were shaping a new and better Australia. 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