Isaiah 9:6 is a prophecy about a future child who would bear the government on his shoulders and be called by titles that could only rightfully be attributed to God: “ For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. . That same region, described by the prophet in different terms (the former representing the tribal divisions, the latter the geographical) is hereafter to be the scene of a glory greater than Israel had ever known before. Shall not be such - It shall not be unbroken darkness, and unalleviated calamity; but it shall be interrupted by the rising of the great light that shall shine on the dark land of Zebulun and Naphtali. The previous part of the verse refers to the calamities that had come upon that region in former times. It would seem that this text found its way into this position at a later time, perhaps when the hymn was composed. in Surely there is no gloom to her that was afflicted. In the former time he brought into contempt the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but … (f) "quia non defatigatio ei angustanti eos." if it be asked what that glory should be, the answer is, "the And afterward - That is, in subsequent times; meaning times that were to come after the prophecy here delivered. In the former time he brought into contempt the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the latter time he has made glorious the way of the sea, the land beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the nations. Isaiah 9 likewise announces a new era, the sign of this new era will be a child. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Isaiah declares that in contrast to his present age of war, gloom, and despair, there is coming an age when peace will reign universally. The extensive dark region lying in the vicinity of that sea, Both those tribes bordered on the sea of Tiberias, or had that as a part of their boundary. observed, as an alleviation of those times of trouble, as if it This chapter Isaiah 9:1-4 by showing that the calamity would not be so great as in former times. which was an eminent city of Galilee;) so in the latter or last time (to wit, in the days of the Messiah, or of the gospel, which are frequently so called in the Scriptures both of the Old and New Testament) he made it (i.e. Adjacent to this region were the countries of Phenicia, Tyre, and Sidon; and the people would naturally mingle much with them in commerce. Hence arose the contempt for it on the part of the southern Jews of purer blood (Joh 1:46; 7:52). 15:20 ) or rather by Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, in the All rights reserved. Nevertheless, the dimness [shall] not [be] such as [was] But following this judgment, which will bring gloom and anguish to the land, there will be glory. The same region which was so darkened once, shall be among the first to receive Messiah's light (Mt 4:13, 15, 16). It does not mean strictly on the east of Jordan, but rather the northern portion of the land. She that was afflicted, the whole land of Israel, should have no more affliction. Or it is an impersonal speech, he afflicted for was afflicted, than which nothing is more common in the Hebrew language. Isaiah 9:1-7 The Government and Names of Yahweh . But "the sea" (hayyâm) cannot possibly be understood as referring to the Mediterranean, as Meier and Hofmann suppose, for "the way of the sea" (derek hayyâm) would in that case have been inhabited by the … Beyond Jordan - This expression - הירדן עבר ‛ēber hayareddēn - means in the vicinity of Jordan; the land by the side of the Jordan, or perhaps that large region through which the upper part of the Jordan passed. Jarchi, who interprets it of the king of Assyria; but it is And the land of Naphtali - The region which was occupied by this tribe was directly north of Zebulun, and of the sea of Galilee, having that sea and the tribe of Zebulun on the south and southeast, Asher on the west, and a part of the tribe of Manasseh, on the east. The dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation: the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, he made the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali vile or contemptible, on this side Jordan, in Galilee of the Gentiles, when at the first … more grievously afflict, In the former time he brought into contempt … but in the latter time hath he made it glorious, Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, As at the former time he brought contempt upon the land of Zebulon, And afterward did more grievously afflict her, So in the latter time he hath brought honor on the way of the sea, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. 1. we may reply. 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